Skip to content
Home » What is Litigation?

What is Litigation?

The term”litigation” refers to the process of settling disputes and bringing in court lawsuits that enforce a certain right. In the course of litigation the judge in charge is the judge who makes the final decision in the event that the parties reach a settlement prior to the trial. Any time during the trial process, settlements can take place.

The process of litigation is a formal procedure to settle disputes in a courtroom. The process permits one side to try to defend and enforce their lawful rights against a different party. The term “litigation” should not be confused with a lawsuit. Rather, it is one aspect of a litigation process.

The history of litigation

In the period that was the Roman Empire, the first real litigation occurred. It was the legal system that existed in Australia was a bit slower to come to existence. It evolved from an earlier British legal system that was introduced to Australia in the 18th century. Britain established its Australian colonies in the 18th century. In the latter part of the nineteenth century the British Parliament gave the each Australian colony to establish an unrestricted government. The creation of a government allowed colonies to establish their own legal structures.

Then there was a plan to increase centralisation. Centralisation was the reason for the six colonies joining to form a constitution that was ratified through the British Parliament. The constitution was enacted on the 1st of January, 1901. The constitution’s adoption was the beginning of Australia’s legal system as an independent system.

Through the course of establishing the legal system, and over the subsequent years it was a time to consider litigation and, as a result of constant review and revision, the system has become more complex and sophisticated with time. In recent years, Australia has witnessed an increasing rise in the tendency to go to the court.

Disput or Litigation

The terms”dispute” and “litigation” are frequently misunderstood. What exactly do these terms mean?

Litigation is the process of settling the issue. The resolution may be achieved through an administrative court or tribunal. However, a dispute is usually more informal. Disputes don’t require judges to take an announcement or a final decision. The majority of disputes are solved through arbitration or mediation as well as alternatives to dispute resolution (ADR). The parties can choose to enter into alternative dispute resolution, or be forced to do so in response to an order from a judge.

Mediation is focused on two people assisted by an impartial third-party called a mediator who is able to negotiate. The mediator facilitates meetings between the two parties. The mediator can be appointed by the court or selected and ratified by the parties who are involved.

A mediator, in contrast to an arbitrator mediator, can issue final and interim awards. If a dispute is sent by an independent third-party, or more than one third party who is impartial the arbitrator is the one who decides the outcome of the case. The main difference between litigation and arbitration in that the hearings and the determination are conducted in a confidential environment.

A determination by an expert is like arbitration. In this instance the dispute is then referred to an expert in the subject. The expert is experienced and has expertise that aids them in the negotiation process of a dispute.

Different types of litigation

There are various types of litigation.

Civil Litigation: Generally, civil litigation is the result of disputes or disagreements among legal bodies. Civil litigation is the legal battle between two parties seeking consequences that aren’t criminal in nature. Most likely results will be financial or comprised of a court decision that provides benefits for the party initiating the litigation.

Commercial Litigation: This form of litigation encompasses the entire legal area, which includes the breach of contracts, employment disputes and disputes over the collection of debt, shareholder disputes, etc.

Criminal litigation is when the prosecution is initiated against Police or Commonwealth or the State.

Public Interest They are initiated by the courts and created to protect the wellbeing of the community. Most of the time, this type of litigation is about environmental or health issues for the public.

With these names that are more well-known you will find a vast variety of legal issues. The most common forms of litigation are:

a. Banking and finance disputes, bankruptcy, insolvency and financial restructuring.

b. Class actions.

C. Cybersecurity, security of personal information and privacy concerns.

D. The fraud and recovery of assets.

E. Employment and labour disputes.

F. Disputs that arise out of environmental law.

G. Liability for products in situations when there has been a problem with pharmaceutical or medical products or auto problems.

h. Disagreement concerning intellectual property.

i. Property and real estate.

j. Professional negligence.

K. Energy, mining, construction and engineering.

This list is definitely short, not a complete list.

The Process

It is important to keep in mind that litigation could be a lengthy and complex procedure. Because of the complexity and duration of the process and the time involved, it could cost you money.

The process usually begins by one person filing a claim , or making the statement or initiating the process. After that, it will be determined if they’ll decide the matter in a courtroom or an administrative tribunal. It is the proposed reason for action that will determine this, and they’ll consider relevant laws as well as the monetary limitations.

Litigation and the Law In Australia

Laws governing litigation differ across the world as well as within Australia it’s a complicated area. Therefore, it is recommended that you seek advice from a professional in the event of litigious issues. In Australia the power of governing is split between a central government which is known as the Federal Government and the individual state governments. Since each state has its own states and territories and territories, there is a separate court for each of them within this court’s structure. There is an Australian High Court. Australian High Court is the supreme court of appeals, and serves as a uniting body for the courts of the states and territories hierarchy. There are certain set boundaries regarding the instances heard.

State as well as Territory Supreme Courts of State and Territory: Usually accept claims based on money if they meet an amount of $750 or more threshold. A majority of states have two lower courts and some have created special courts that have limited jurisdiction such as for instance the Environmental Court in NSW.

It is the Australian Federal Court: The Federal Court of Australia covers civil cases under the Australian Federal Law. A single judge handles civil cases , while appeals are heard by three judges of the federal court.

The commercial disputes are resolved by the combination of court litigation and ADR which is the alternative to dispute settlement.
The Function Of A Litigation Lawyer

A litigation lawyer may be referred to as a litigator. The job of a lawyer in litigation is to offer expert advice to clients and ensure the rights of the client’s legal representatives when a dispute arises. The main function of the litigation lawyer is:

A. to offer advice on the best strategies that can lead to resolution.

b. Effectively handle litigious work on behalf of the client.

C. Advocate on behalf the clients what is in the best interest of the client. They can be doing this when it comes to the plead, negotiate as well as appeals and examinations.

A litigation lawyer may represent either the plaintiff or the defendant. The lawyer’s role is to start or address any claims and also appear in interlocutory application. Interlocutory applications are an application to the opposing party or for the court to carry out something prior to the trial. Lawyers who represent litigation are their advocate for their clients in court or in tribunals and negotiates, when it is possible, to stay out of court proceedings , and then applying any decision made.

Finding A Litigation Attorney

The right attorney for your case is essential. It is best to do some investigation to make sure the lawyer you choose to work with is offering the services you require. First, determine the area in which your matter falls. Is it commercial, civil or in the public interest? What kind of legal action are you looking for? If you know an answer to those questions you’ll be able to begin your investigation. The internet can provide you with a wealth of details about law firms as well as the areas they specialize. You might also be able to get some information from family members, friends or even your work colleagues.

Some law firms are now offering the opportunity to have a no-cost consultation which means you’ll be able to take advantage of this to evaluate the experience of the lawyer and discover whether they are able for your particular situation. It is also possible to find out the costs that litigation could incur.

Costs for litigation

There are a variety of lawsuits. Some are more complicated than others. The result is that the costs will differ dependent on the complexity of the case and complexity. Legal fees are costly Therefore, it’s a good idea to learn more about the expenses prior to taking action.

There are two main costs that are often involved in the litigation process.

1. Costs of contract Costs that are governed by the contract. They cover the legal fees determined for the attorney between them with the customer.

2. Court-ordered costs – These are the costs that are ordered by the court that include financial compensation.

In recent years, you may have seen advertisements for ‘No Win No Fee’ agreements. These agreements are usually given to those in a position to not pay the legal costs. In these situations the client is only required to pay for costs in the event of a successful outcome. The firm or lawyer is paid for their professional expenses from the amount of compensation in addition to an ‘uplift’ fee. A fee for uplift compensates the firm or lawyer for the risk of taking on the case without their regular retainer.

There are many things included in the costs of litigation which include filing fees valuations, reports gathered from experts application fees barrister fees, and the charges you pay to an attorney to present and prepare your case.


The process of litigation can be quite complicated and can cause a lot of stress. If you’re the initiator or the defendant in a dispute, a few aspects can assist you. In the beginning, do your look up and locate the best attorney for your situation and make the process simpler for you. Be sure to know what you want as well as gather evidence and make sure it’s safe and do due diligence. If possible you can, think about a collaborative strategy. Legal proceedings are a method to settle disputes However, there are other options that you can think about.

Frequently Answered Questions

1. Does a litigation lawyer assist you?

There is a lot to gain when you hire a lawyer for litigation because they can assist you in understanding the procedure. The issues can be a bit hazy and the language can be complicated. They can provide assistance, direction and guidance.

2. What is a pre-suit negotiation?

Pre-suit negotiations take place between parties prior to filing the court proceedings begin. Through pre-suit litigation lawyers look to see whether they can reach a settlement without the expense and the time needed for the litigation process.

3. Are litigators the exact one as lawyers?

A 诉讼律师 can be referred to as a trial lawyer or litigation lawyer. A litigator is an attorney who manages the process of litigation in civil litigation.