There are a variety of kinds of coffee beans each with their own distinct set of features. Understanding the differences between them is vital for those who want to make the most the beans they are brewing and create the best cup of coffee.
Read on for our comprehensive list of the top sought-after kinds of coffee beans as well as their distinctive characteristics.
What are the different kinds of beans for coffee?
The four most well-known varieties of beans for coffee consist of Arabica, Robusta, Excelsa and Liberica. Each of them has distinct flavor profiles.
Arabica is a worldwide favorite
Arabica is by far the most well-known kind of coffee available that is available and accounts for more than 60% of the coffee produced around the world. It’s the preferred coffee bean for coffee machines in industrial settings. Arabica coffee is derived by an Coffea arabica plant that was first discovered in Ethiopia.
Arabica coffee beans usually considered to be of better quality than other varieties of coffee beans due to their smooth and complex flavors.
These beans are more subtle, sweeter , and less sour taste than other kinds of coffee. In addition, due to the numerous Arabica cultivators and the various aspects of the process of their growth and production, Arabica coffee beans from each crop and farm may have a distinct flavor profile. Arabica coffee also has lower levels of caffeine than Robusta coffee.
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When it is made using top-quality Arabica beans Arabicica coffee has an almost sweet taste with subtle hints of chocolate, caramel, and nuts. It may also hint of berries and fruit.
Arabica beans, just like other coffee beans, are hard to cultivate in the majority of the world.
The most favorable conditions for the growth of coffee plants are located in what is called”the “Bean Belt” or the “Coffee Belt.” The region lies situated between both the Tropic of Cancer and the Tropic of Capricorn. Countries that are located in this area have the ideal soil and climate which are ideal for coffee plants.
Arabica coffee needs additional conditions. They are generally produced at altitudes that are between 3000 and 6000 feet higher than sea levels and usually prefer mild temperatures and regions that have plenty of shade as well as constant, frequent rainfall.
Despite their unique growth circumstances, Arabica beans remain the world’s most sought-after coffee bean due to their mild flavor low caffeine content, and various flavor profiles. They are a rich Arabica blends like those from the Kokebi Intenso 100% blend are typically the most well-loved cold brews and iced coffee however some prefer blends that include Robusta or other varieties of coffee to get a more intense flavor.
Robusta: a darker, deeper alternative
Robusta beans are second most sought-after bean available on the market.
Robusta beans are more well-known throughout Europe and Africa more than America and have very different conditions for growing in comparison with Arabica beans. They require irregular rainfall as well as a very hot climate. They are cultivated at varying elevations. Robusta beans are grown across Africa as well as some regions of Asia. Their high levels of caffeine provide them an excellent immunity to illnesses.
Robusta coffee beans yield an incredibly full-bodied cup of coffee than Arabica with notes of earth and bitterness. Many people describe the smell that comes from Robusta coffee as deep, strong and strong. The high levels of caffeine of Robusta coffee cherries Robusta coffee cherry may cause the coffee to taste acidic and bitter, therefore it is crucial to achieve the perfect balance in blending and brewing coffee beans.
This is why Robusta beans are typically mixed along with Arabica beans, as for example in the Kokebi Leonardo blend. Combining Arabica and Robusta will result in an amazing cup of coffee that has a range of distinct flavors. The two kinds of beans complement one another in a way, with Robusta beans giving flavor and body to Arabica. It is a wonderful method to drink coffee with a rich and complex flavors that you might not find in a single origin coffee.
Robusta is commonly utilized in blends of espresso including Kokebi Super Crema. Kokebi Super Crema blend, as it is able to produce an improved ‘crema’ which is the layer of creaminess present on top of the espresso shot.
Liberica A lighter, more flavorful, and sweeter choice
The third kind of bean in the coffee industry is known as the Liberica bean.
The bean is a part of the Liberica coffee plant, which comes from Liberia situated in West Africa and produces much larger, more irregularly-shaped and shaped beans as compared to Arabica plants.
The Liberica bean is a rare commodity due to the fact that it is difficult to cultivate, which means it isn’t capable of meeting the demands of global markets. In fact, Liberica coffee accounts for less than 2% of all commercially-produced coffee worldwide.
This coffee is famous for its distinctive flavor that is smoky and sweet with delicate floral and spicy undertones. Some believe it is because Liberica coffee is more sweet than other coffees. Much like it’s cousin, the Robusta coffee bean Liberica beans can be added to blends of coffee to add more depth because its flavor profile differs from the Arabica bean.
Despite its strong taste, Liberica coffee has a less caffeine content as Robusta or Arabica coffee.
Liberica coffee beans were once very popular because of their ability to resist the disease known as coffee the rust’. The late 18th century coffee rust contributed to the destruction of a large portion of Arabica plants across the globe which led to the growing popularity in the Liberica plant that is immune to the majority of pests and diseases.
Despite Liberica coffee’s historic significance however, the Arabica variety has recently regained popularity due to its light flavor. It is, however, Liberica is said to be an absolute must-try for anyone who loves coffee because of its distinctive flavors. it a favorite of many.
Excelsa: a unique and distinctive option
While it was initially designated as a species unique at the time of its classification in 2006 Excelsa can now be considered to be a type from Liberica coffee. This confusion, as well as the many distinct characteristics it has in comparison to the other Liberica coffees, can lead to it being thought to be the fourth kind of coffee bean commonly in use.
Very little Excelsa coffee beans can be made due to the quantity of labor required during their production and the general lack of interest in buying these beans.
Although it is a product of Africa, Excelsa coffee is currently mainly grown by South East Asia. Based on the country, Excelsa could be considered to be the same type of coffee as Liberica when it is produced or be considered a separate crop. The primary manufacturers of Excelsa coffee beans are Vietnam as well as in the Philippines, India, Malaysia and Indonesia.
While they are both considered to be as the same species Excelsa coffee as well as Liberica coffee are very different in their characteristics. Excelsa beans are typically smaller and more round. Excelsa beans are sweet, tart coffee that has fruity notes however, they are also distinctly dark and strong. Because of this, Excelsa beans are frequently employed to provide flavor depth and more robust body to blends of coffee.
Each of the Liberica as well as Excelsa coffee plants are affected by a lack awareness and lack of market infrastructure, which makes less than 10 percent of the total production of coffee.
Coffee that makes an impression
Whatever type of coffee you pick, you can be sure that the best beans will produce a drink that makes someone smile.